The Sampler is used for troubleshooting corrosion and water and steam chemistry problems in steam turbines, feedwater heaters, BWR
reactors, PWR steam generators, heat exchangers, piping, and geothermal systems. It can also be used for any other two-phase
fluids (oil and gas, hydrocarbons, acids, etc.) for pressures up to 600 psi (4 MPa) and 600F (315C).
This instrument was originally
developed for sampling moisture (early condensate, first condensate) from the wet steam regions of LP turbines and the extraction
piping. Impurities and water treatment chemicals in the steam redistribute between the gas and liquid, often acidifying the
water drops and film. The Sampler (Figure 1) samples wet steam from an extraction pipe and passes it through a high efficiency
Moisture Separator (99.9%). The separated moisture contains the same concentration of impurities as is present in the liquid
film that forms on LP turbine blades in the wet stages of the LP turbine.
The purpose of the sampling and chemical analysis of the
steam moisture is to determine its corrosivity on the surfaces of LP turbine and other components which are in the wet steam regions,
particularly the turbine blades and blade attachments and heat exchanger and piping surfaces. When used with on-line or grab
sample analysis, the Moisture Sampler can be used to determine the pH, conductivity and concentration of impurities in the moisture.