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Phone: (301) 934-5605
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Design of Sampling Systems for Steam and Water
- Steam or water in the process pipe should be sampled isokinetically. This can be achieved using an EPRI Isokinetic Sampling
- For steam sampling, the isolation valves on the EPRI Nozzle and the sample tubing between the isolation valves
and the primary sample cooler should have approximately the same bore as the EPRI Nozzle. This will maintain a constant
flow velocity and minimize the amount of deposition between the Nozzle and primary cooler by eliminating dramatic pressure
- The sample velocity in all tubing after the primary cooler should be in the turbulent flow range (Re >
4,000, 4 to 6 ft/sec for liquid water) so that the amount of deposition in the sample tubing is minimized. Also, the pressure
drop throughout the entire sampling system must be low enough to ensure that there is enough pressure after the secondary sample cooler
to provide adequate flow to the online instruments and grab sample tap.
- Sample tubing should be as short as possible, sloping
downward along the entire length. For steam sampling, the tube section between the Sampling Nozzle and the primary sample cooler
should be less than 20 ft long.
Requirements for a Representative Sampling System
Jonas, Inc. Design of Sampling System
Copyright (c) 2012 Jonas, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Jonas, Inc. will recommend any or all sampling system components, including the secondary sample cooler.
The Design Report includes:
sample tubing sizes and materials, valve sizes, and primary and secondary cooler materials and sizes. In addition, the pressure
drop through each section of the sampling system and the overall pressure drop are calculated to ensure adequate sample flow. The
entire system is designed based on industry recommended practices.
The proper design of a sampling system is critical in order to produce a sample which is representative of the conditions in the pipe.
If the sampling system is not adequate, the pressure drop through the system could result in insufficient sample flow at the
sample panel, or the deposition rate in the sample lines could be high, which could result in plugging of the sample line or a sample
which is not representative of the conditions in the pipe.
Serving the power industry since 1983
Specializing in Sampling and Instrumentation, Corrosion,
Water and Steam Chemistry, and Failure Analysis